Duars or Dooars

The Dooars or Duars are the floodplains and foothills of the eastern Himalayas in North-East India around Bhutan. Though Dooars is not a political state today, traditionally it constituted the plains of Darjeeling District, whole of Jalpaiguri District, Alipur district and upper region of Cooch Behar District in West Bengal and the districts of Dhubri, Kokrajhar, Barpeta, Goalpara and Bongaigaon in the Indian state of Assam.
Often said to be derived from the word 'doors' (doors to Bhutan), as the region forms a natural gateway to the Bhutan and the hill stations of North Bengal and Sikkim. Duar is also means door in Nepali Bhojpuri and Bengali languages.

The Dooars or Duars are the floodplains and foothills of the eastern Himalayas in North-East India around Bhutan.  Though Dooars is not a political state today, traditionally it constituted the plains of Darjeeling District, whole of Jalpaiguri District and upper region of Cooch Behar District in West Bengal and the districts of Dhubri, Kokrajhar, Barpeta, Goalpara and Bongaigaon in the Indian state of Assam.

Often said to be derived from the word 'doors' (doors to Bhutan), as the region forms a natural gateway to the Bhutan and the hill stations of North Bengal and Sikkim. Duar is also means door in Nepali Bhojpuri and Bengali languages.

Innumerable streams and rivers flow through these fertile plains from the mountains of Bhutan. In Assam, the major rivers are the Brahmaputra and Manas, and in northern West Bengal the major river is the Teesta besides many others like the Jaldhaka, Torsha, Sankosh, Dyna, Karatoya, Raidak, and Kaljani rivers, among others.


The native minorities comprise of numerous tribes, including the Bodo people in Assam, the Rabha, the Mech, the Toto, the Tamang/murmi, the Koch, Limbus, Lepcha and the Rajbongshis in Bengal.
The altitude of Dooars area ranges from 90 m to 1750m and its moist climate is favorable for tea gardens, which were started by British.  The dense forests, its rolling hillsides with lush tea gardens, against the back-drop of Bhutanese mountains, make it very charming.


Wildlife, Reserve Forests and National Parks
The beauty of the region lies not only in its tea gardens but in fact it is specially noted for its wildlife sanctuaries and jungles that make up the countryside. The most notable of  them are the National Park of Gorumara (75 km from Siliguri), Chapramari forests (68 km from Siliguri), the Buxa Tiger Reserve (200 km from Siliguri), the Jaldapara Santuary (124 km from Siliguri) and Manas National Park in Assam. 
These sanctuaries abound in a fascinating diversity of flora and fauna. The vast texture of massive trees sheltering varieties of orchids and resounded with echo of birds and wild animals make it a veritable paradise for lovers of nature and eco-tourism.   Number of rare, endangered species of animals like tiger, rhinoceros, elephant, make their habitats in the forests of the Dooars. Other animals include different types of deer, bison, birds and reptiles.
 

Other places of attraction in and around the region include

  • Jayanti (30 km from Alipurduar) is a beautiful spot encircled by Jayanti River and hills.
  • Bhutanghat (45 km from Alipurduar),  beside River Raidak and bordering Bhutan is famous for scenic beauty
  • Buxa Fort (30 km from Alipurduar) is ruin of the detention camp used by the British Government for detaining freedom fighters of India.
  • Malbazar (52 km from Siliguri) has attractive tea gardens with scenic spots and with possibilities for excursions to the hills.
  • Chalsa (61 km from siliguri) is famous for scenic beauty and has nice resort accommodation.
  • Samsing (81 km from Siliguri near Chalsa is just beside Jaldhaka rover with attractive hillside villages, orange plantation and forest resort and is across from Bhutanese village of Sibsoo.
  • Toto Para (22 km from Jaldapara) is a small village on the bank of River Torsha near Bhutan border is the home of  Dooars aboriginals - the Totos

 

Attractions in Duars, around and from Duars

  • Chapramari Wild life Sanctuary. Chapramari Wild life Sanctuary located at a distance of about 29kms from Gorumara National Park is one of the oldest Wild life Sanctuaries in India. It is famous for Indian elephants, Indian bison, on

  • Buxa Tiger Reserve Buxa Tiger Reserve situated in the Alipurduar district is at the North Eastern corner of West Begal bordering Bhutan and Assam. With an area of about 759 square kms this picturesque reserve with its

  • Chalsa Chalsa is a small town located on the foothills of the Himalayas in the Dooars region of West Bengal. It is surrounded by hills, tea gardens, dense forests and rivers. This small town has gained its

  • Gorumara National Park Gorumara National Park situated on the banks of the Murti and the Jaldhaka river banks. Spread over an area of 80 square kilometres, it has a large variety of flora and fauna on display to visitors, n

  • Jaldapara National Park Jaldapara National Park situated at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas near the Indo-Bhutan Border is home to the famous Indian one horned rhino population. The forest is mainly Savannah covered w