Kollam is one of the oldest sea port towns on the Malabar Coast. Its strategic location with regards to trade made it the subject of writers such as Marco Polo who recorded it as one of the leading trade capitals of the Old World. The magnificent Ashtamudi Lake, which is also known as the gateway to the magnificent backwaters of Kerala, covers one third of Kollam. From here, a 130-kilometer long spread of canals and lakes join hands to create one of nature’s finest spectacles wherever you go. The eight-hour boat trip between Allapupha and Kollam is the longest and most enchanting on the backwaters.
The district also has some interesting historic remnants and a number of temples built in the traditional ornate architectural style. The town is very famous for cashew processing and coir manufacturing.